This is part of a series. Here is a complete list of current posts in my InDesign Beginner’s Cheat Sheet.
In this post: Part 1 of some follow-up moves you can and should make in InDesign as you format your POD book interior.
***CLICK ON THE IMAGES TO SEE FULL-SIZED VERSIONS***
Creating Additional Styles for Chapter Titles and Numbers
Just like Word, InDesign works best if you create a style for each element you use often and apply that style consistently across chapters. So you need a style for whatever elements—for example, chapter names—that you plan to include.
Create these additional styles exactly as you created your original main body style.
- Select the text you want to style, for example a chapter title.
- Format it to look the way you want.
- Click “Create New Style” in the Paragraph Styles panel.
The new style, called “Paragraph Style 1” (or “2” if there’s already a “1” in the list, possibly for a style you never developed) will appear in the panel. In the figure below, I’ve created several new styles, renaming “Paragraph Style 1,” for example, “Chapter nos.” for chapter names.
I created additional styles for my “Part” and “Chapter names,” as well as for the numbers of sections within chapters.
- Double-click this new style in the Panel list to open the Paragraph Styles Option dialogue, where you will see the features you’ve selected, such as font, font size, and justification.
- Make any adjustments using the menu on the left of this box.
In this example, I formatted a style I’ve called “Experiment,” clicked “Create New Style” in the Paragraph Styles box, renamed the style “Experiment,” and double-clicked to open the Paragraph Styles Options box, where I can see the Style Settings I’ve chosen.
A Consideration in Creating Additional Styles: “Before” and “After.”
When formatting elements like chapter titles, you will need to decide how much space to require “before” and “after.” Just as when formatting an ebook, say, for Kindle, you want to avoid long stretches of returns.
Creating a specific style with appropriate “before/after” attributes is optimal.
- Double-click on the style name to open the Paragraph Styles Options dialogue.
- From the menu on the left, choose “Indents and Spacing.”
- Locate the fields for “Space Before” and “Space After.”
- Use the fields to indicate the spacing you want.
It appears that your choices here are limited by defaults that you access by clicking the up and down arrows. I’m not sure why you can’t type in any value, but I’ve never been able to do so.
Set “before” and “after” using the small arrows to the left of each field. Your choices seem to be limited to preset distances.
For your main body styles, by the way, you generally want these fields to be set to zero—no extra spacing between paragraphs. (This is one of the annoyances of recent versions of Word: extra space between paragraphs seems to be the default, and people often do not know to go to “Format>Paragraph” and turn this default off.)
For the book I’m currently formatting, Blood Lies, I have a style for “Chapter nos.” or names, and one for “subset numbers,” or the little numbers between sections in each chapter. Because I place the text chapter by chapter, I can then “Select All” (CTRL/COMMSND + A) and apply my main body style. I then do have to change the style of the chapter title and go through the chapter to find the “subset numbers,” select them, and apply the style. You may find a much faster way to apply your styles. If so, please let us all know!
Creating Character Styles
I discovered that if I wanted to italicize a single word in a paragraph, I couldn’t do so—the whole paragraph would be converted to italics.
Solution: Create an Italic “Character Style.”
Like the Paragraph Styles panel, the Character Styles panel will appear in the right-side menu. (It can be called up via the “Window” menu if necessary.) It works exactly the same as the Paragraph Styles panel:
- Select the text you want to change.
- Format it.
- Click “Create New Style.”
- Double-click the new style that appears in the list, and you’ll get the now-familiar dialogue box showing your settings.
- adjust your settings from the left-side menu in this dialogue box.
In this close-up, I still need to rename my new style, and to click on “Basic Character Formats” in the left-hand menu to choose “italics.” I also need to adjust the font size slightly.
You have a great deal of control over these styles. Conversations with readers of my developing design suggested to me that the italic that came with Garamond, which I was using for my main body style, was too ornate: crabby and hard to read. I experimented with a number of italics and finally created a Character Style using Book Antiqua with a slightly reduced font size. Again, I do have to locate italics in the text and apply the style manually.
By the way, I have not found InDesign’s Find/Change box to work well when asked to locate italics, perhaps because I haven’t always specified precisely the attributes it needs to search for. I make double-checking for italics part of my proofing process when I’m reading my pdf.
In the final version of this character style, I’ll reduce the Book Antiqua font size slightly to match the Garamond body text, and then apply the style manually to italicized words in the text.
Next: Part II of Finishing Up!
Please visit other posts in this series! Your feedback is welcome!